Caffeine is the most widely used psychoactive susbstance in the world. Tea, coffee, mate, soft drinks, cocoa products and candies all contain significant amount of caffeine, and are widely consumed. Caffeine has been shown to have powerful effects on attention and vigilance, memory, and mood. (Learn more)
L-Theanine is an amino acid analog of the proteinogenic amino acids L-glutamic acid and L-glutamine and is found primarily in black, green, and white teas. L-theanine has been shown to have effects on glutamate receptor signaling, and nitric oxide production. L-theanine used in combination with caffeine can have significant effects on attention and working memory, and blood pressure.(Learn more)
Caffeine and L-theanine can act synergistically to improve alertness and attention. L-theanine can also potentially reverse some of the less favorable physiological effects of caffeine - including increased blood pressure, and reduced flow of oxygenated blood to the head. (Learn more)
Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine hydrochloride) is a widely consumed vitamin. It has some antioxidant properties. Vitamin B6 has been shown to have positive effects on people especially as it is associated with lowering levels of biomarkers associated with cognitive decline including homocysteine and methylmalonic acid. Various studies have observed the effects of vitamin B6 on these disease biomarkers as well as the effect on cognitive performance. Vitmain B6 is a naturally occurring vitamin and is safe to consume. (Learn more)
Vitamin B12 has been shown to have beneficial effects on cognitive function as well as general health of neurons. The functional forms of B12, methylcobalamin and hydroxocobalamin, have been shown to improve memory, as well as neurogenesis, maintenance of neuronal structure and axon growth. (Learn more)
Vinpocetine is derived from the periwinkle plant, is readily bioavailable, and crosses the blood brain barrier. There is preliminary evidence to suggest vinpocetine can counteract neural inflammation and improve reaction time, working memory and attention. (Learn more)
L-tyrosine is an amino acid that is also a precursor in the biosynthesis of norepinephrine and dopamine. (Learn more)
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